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Sickle cell anaemia

Further information


  • What is sickle cell anaemia? Sickle Cell Society., accessed 10 November 2011
  • What is sickle cell anaemia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)., published February 2011
  • Sickle cell disease. The Merck Manuals., published February 2009
  • Standards for the clinical care of adults with sickle cell disease in the UK. Sickle Cell Society., published 2008
  • Introducing newborn blood spot screening for parents. UK Newborn Screening Programme Centre., accessed 10 November 2011
  • Sickle cell disease in childhood: standards and guidelines for clinical care. NHS Sickle Cell & Thalassaemia Screening Programme., published October 2010.
  • Pharmacotherapy of sickle cell disease. World Health Organization., published March 2011
  • Sickle-cell disease and other haemoglobin disorders. World Health Organization,, published January 2011
  • Protective effect of sickle cell trait against malaria-associated mortality and morbidity. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)., published February 2010
  • Stay healthy with sickle cell disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)., published 14 March 2011
  • Joint Formulary Committee. British National Formulary. 62nd ed. London: British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain; 2011
  • Personal communication, Dr John Houghton, Consultant Haematologist, Spire Manchester Hospital, 9 December 2011


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  • This information was published by Bupa's Health Information Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition. The content is intended only for general information and does not replace the need for personal advice from a qualified health professional. For more details on how we produce our content and its sources, visit the about our health information page.

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  • Publication date: December 2011

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