Older couple looking at memory book

What puts people at risk of dementia?

What causes dementia?

Unavoidable risk factors


Other health conditions

Is dementia hereditary?

    • Ngandu T, Lehtisalo J, Solomon A, et al. A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2015; 385:2255–63). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(15)60461-5
    • Organic Illness. Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry (online). Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, last updated December 2015
    • Vascular dementia. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated January 2016
    • Dementia with Lewy bodies. BMJ Best Practice.bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated Sept 2016
    • Frontotemporal dementia. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated October 2015
    • Vascular dementia. The MSD Manual. www.msdmanuals.com, last updated February 2016
    • Alzheimer's dementia. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated April 2017
    • Chaturvedi N. Ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease. Heart 2003; 89(6):681–86
    • Gorelick PB, Scuteri A, Black SE, et al. Vascular contributions to cognitive impairment and dementia. Stroke 2011; 42(9):2672–73. doi: 10.1161/STR.0b013e3182299496
    • Lewy body dementia and Parkinson disease dementia. The MSD Manuals. www.msdmanuals.com, last updated February 2016
    • Normal pressure hydrocephalus. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated June 2016
    • Other diseases causing dementia. Practical Dementia Care (online). Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published April 2016
    • Multiple sclerosis. PatientPlus. patient.info/patientplus, last updated September 2015
    • Meeus B, Theuns J, Van Broeckhoen C. The Genetics of Dementia with Lewy Bodies (Molecular genetics of dlb). Arch Neurol 2012; 69(9):1113–18. doi:10.1001/archneurol.2011.3678
    • Women and dementia: a marginalised majority. Alzheimer's Research UK. www.alzheimersresearchuk.org, March 2015
    • 2017 Alzheimer's disease facts and figures. Alzheimer's Association. 2017. www.alz.org
    • Carter C, Resnick E, Mallampalli M, et al. Sex and gender differences in Alzheimer's disease: recommendations for future research. J Womens Health 2012; 21(10). doi:10.1089/jwh.2012.3789
    • Global recommendations on physical activity for health. World Health Organization. 2010. www.who.int
  • Reviewed by Graham Pembrey, Lead Health Editor, Bupa Health Content Team, September 2017
    Expert reviewer, Professor Graham Stokes, Bupa Global Director of Dementia Care
    Next review due September 2020

  • We’d love to know what you think about what you’ve just been reading and looking at – we’ll use it to improve our information. If you’d like to give us some feedback or would be interested in sharing your story about dementia, please email us.

About our health information

At Bupa we produce a wealth of free health information for you and your family. We believe that trustworthy information is essential in helping you make better decisions about your health and care. Here are just a few of the ways in which our core editorial principles have been recognised.