Injured runner holding his knee

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury

What is anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury?

Symptoms: what are the signs?

Causes: why has this happened?

Treatment options: treatments to suit you

Treatment options: self help

An image describing the acronym PRICE

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An image describing the acronym HARM

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Treatment options: physiotherapy

Treatment options: medicines

Treatment options: surgery

More information from Bupa Knee Clinic

    • Anterior cruciate ligament injury. BMJ Best Practice. www.bestpractice.bmj.com, published 28 August 2015
    • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.aaos.org, published March 2014
    • Anterior cruciate ligament injury. Medscape. www.emedicine.medscape.com, published 6 October 2014
    • Map of Medicine. Knee injuries. International View. London: Map of Medicine; 2012 (Issue 4)
  • Reviewed by Dylan Merkett, Bupa Health Content Team, October 2015.

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