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Alcohol and drug misuse

What is alcohol and drug misuse?

Who is at risk of substance misuse?

How do I know if I have a problem?

What treatments are available for alcohol and drug misuse?

Sources of support

Support organisations

    • Substance misuse. Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry. 3rd ed. Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published online March 2013
    • Information for Professionals. Alcoholics Anonymous. www.alcoholics-anonymous.org.uk, accessed April 2018
    • Substance abuse. World Health Organisation. www.who.int, accessed April 2018
    • Drug misuse and dependence: UK guidelines on clinical management. Department of Health. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk, published July 2017
    • Alcohol-use disorder. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated November 2017
    • Manubay JM, Muchow C, Sullivan MA. Prescription Drug Abuse: Epidemiology, Regulatory Issues, Chronic Pain Management with Narcotic Analgesics. Primary Care 2011; 38(1):71
    • Hasin DS, O'Brien C, Auriacombe M, et al. DSM-5 Criteria for Substance Use Disorders: Recommendations and Rationale. Am J Psychiatry 2013; 170(8):834–51
    • McQueen J, Howe TE, Alan L, et al. Brief interventions for heavy alcohol users admitted to general hospital wards. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2011, issue 8 doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005191.pub3
    • Drug Misuse and Dependence. PatientPlus. www.patient.info, last updated February 2017
    • Naltrexone for the management of opioid dependence. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. www.nice.org.uk, last reviewed November 2010
    • Interesting statistics. Alcoholics Anonymous. www.alcoholics-anonymous.org.uk, accessed May 2017
    • Kelly JF, Hoeppner B, Stout RL, et al. Determining the relative importance of the mechanisms of behavior change within Alcoholics Anonymous: A Multiple Mediator Analysis. Addiction 2012; 107(2):289–99
    • Alcohol-use disorders: diagnosis and management. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Quality Standard 11, published August 2011
  • Produced by Nick Ridgman, Head of Health Content, Bupa UK, July 2018
    Next review due July 2021

    Expert reviewer Dr Pablo Vandenabeele, Clinical Director for Mental Health, Bupa UK

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