A woman hugging a cushion, looking sadly at a laptop


What is depression?

Are there different types of depression?

What does depression feel like?

What causes depression?

What treatments are available for depression?

    • Depression in adults: recognition and management. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. October 2009, updated April 2016. www.nice.org.uk
    • Depression. Medscape. emedicine.medscape.com, updated 29 April 2016
    • Depression. Prevalence. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised October 2015
    • Depression: What is depression?. Mind. mind.org.uk, published June 2016
    • Depression. Royal College of Psychiatrists. www.rcpsych.ac.uk, published June 2015
    • Bipolar disorder. PatientPlus. patient.info/patientplus, last checked 12 May 2016
    • Depression. PatientPlus. patient.info/patientplus, last checked 21 March 2014
    • Seasonal affective disorder. PatientPlus. patient.info/patientplus, last checked 28 September 2016
    • Postnatal depression and perinatal mental health. Mind. www.mind.org.uk, published July 2016
    • Psychotherapies. Royal College of Psychiatrists. www.rcpsych.ac.uk, reviewed October 2014
    • Veale D. Behavioural activation for depression. Adv Psychiatr Treat 2008; 14:19–36. doi:10.1192/apt.bp.107.004051
    • Depressive illness. Oxford handbook of psychiatry (online). Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published March 2013
    • Antidepressant drugs. NICE British National Formulary. www.evidence.nhs.uk/formulary/bnf/current, reviewed April 2017
    • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. NICE British National Formulary. www.evidence.nhs.uk/formulary/bnf/current, reviewed March 2017
    • Antidepressant treatment in adults. NICE pathway. pathways.nice.org.uk, accessed 7 June 2017
    • Electroconvulsive therapy. Mind. www.mind.org.uk, published June 2016
    • Cooney GM, Dwan K, Greig CA, et al. Exercise for depression. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 9. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004366.pub6
    • Alcohol and depression. Royal College of Psychiatrists. www.rcpsych.ac.uk, published August 2015
    • Wright NE, Scerpella D, Lisdahl. Marijuana use is associated with behavioral approach and depressive symptoms in adolescents and emerging adults. PLoS ONE 2016; 11(11): doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0166005
    • How to cope when supporting someone else. Mind. www.mind.org.uk, published March 2017
  • Produced by Clare Foster, freelance health editor, and Nick Ridgman, Head of Health Content, Bupa UK, September 2017
    Next review due September 2020

    Bupa UK expert reviewers:

    • Naomi Humber, Psychology Services Manager, EAP
    • Stuart Haydock, Resilience Lead, Health Clinics
    • Sarah Deedat, Head of Behaviour Change
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