- Prostate cancer. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated 23 February 2017
- Prostate Biopsy Technique. Medscape. emedicine.medscape.com, updated 25 April 2016
- Prostate anatomy. Medscape. emedicine.medscape.com, updated 16 September 2013
- Map of Medicine. Prostate Cancer. International View. London: Map of Medicine; 2017 (Issue 1)
- Transrectal prostatic ultrasound and biopsy. The British Association of Urological Surgeons. www.baus.org.uk, published March 2016
- Transperineal biopsy of the prostate. The British Association of Urological Surgeons. www.baus.org.uk, published March 2016
- Prostate biopsy. Prostate Cancer UK. prostatecanceruk.org, updated July 2016
- The PSA test. Prostate Cancer UK. prostatecanceruk.org, updated November 2016
- Digital rectal examination (DRE). Prostate Cancer UK. prostatecanceruk.org, updated November 2016
- Ultrasound guided prostate biopsy. Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists. www.insideradiology.com.au, page last modified 26 September 2016
- Ahmed H, El-Shater Bosally A, Brown, L, et al. Diagnostic accuracy of multi-parametric MRI and TRUS biopsy in prostate cancer (PROMIS): a paired validating confirmatory study. Lancet 2017; 389:815–22. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32401-1
Reviewed by Dr Kristina Routh, Freelance Health Editor, May 2017
Expert reviewer, Professor Raj Persad, Consultant Urological Surgeon
Next review due, May 2020
Has our health information helped you?
We’d love to know what you think about what you’ve just been reading and looking at – we’ll use it to improve our information. If you’d like to give us some feedback, our short survey will take just a few minutes to complete. And if there's a question you want to ask that hasn't been answered here, please submit it to us. Although we can't respond to specific questions directly, we’ll aim to include the answer to it when we next review this topic.