Men’s Health Check
We offer a male health check service to detect the signs of prostate and testicular cancer and advise you should any follow up healthcare be needed.
For further information please call us on 0333 305 7840∧
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Most people do not get any symptoms from prostate cancer in the early stages. If the cancer grows it can cause problems when you pee. These include going more often, needing to go more urgently and having a weak stream. But these symptoms are more commonly caused by an enlarged prostate that isn’t cancer.
Later symptoms of prostate cancer include blood in your pee and having difficulty getting an erection. For more information, see our section above on symptoms of prostate cancer.
Knowing the stage of a cancer helps your doctor decide on the best treatment. Cancer staging uses a system called TNM. This stands for Tumour, Node and Metastasis. In prostate cancer, the size of the tumour (T) can range from 1 to 4, where T1 is too small to be seen on a scan. T4 means the tumour has spread to nearby body organs, such as the bladder and back passage. Node can be N0 or N1, depending on whether the cancer has spread to your lymph nodes. Metastasis (M0 or M1) describes whether the cancer has spread to other parts of your body.
You can find out more about prostate cancer staging and grading from the website of Cancer Research UK. There’s a link below in our section ‘other helpful websites’.
If you have prostate cancer, no one can tell you for sure how long you’ll live. Survival depends on many different things. These include:
- the size of your cancer
- whether it has spread
- the type and grade of your cancer (how abnormal the cancer cells look under a microscope)
- your PSA level
- your general health
In general, in England, more than nine out of 10 men with prostate cancer will survive for one year or more. More than eight out of 10 will live for over five years, and nearly eight out of 10 will live for 10 years or more.
You can find out more about prostate cancer survival from the website of Cancer Research UK. There’s a link below in our section ‘other helpful websites’.
Not necessarily. PSA is a protein produced by both normal and cancerous cells in your prostate. You may have a blood test to measure your PSA level. If your PSA is raised, it doesn’t necessarily mean you have prostate cancer. It may be due to other problems with your prostate or just increasing age. Around seven out of 10 men with a raised PSA level don’t have prostate cancer.
It might do. Both the cancer and treatment can affect your relationships, your sex life and how you feel about yourself. This can be very distressing and it may have a big impact on your quality of life. If you’re worried about your sex life, relationships or your mental health, it’s important to talk to someone about it. Ask your nurse or doctor for support.
In the UK, there isn't a screening programme for prostate cancer. Although the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test can mean you have cancer, it’s not a good enough test for a screening programme. These are the main reasons why.
- The PSA test can miss prostate cancer. You can have prostate cancer without raised PSA levels.
- The PSA test can suggest that someone has prostate cancer when they don’t. PSA can be raised with other medical conditions.
- Sometimes a raised PSA level leads to you having unnecessary treatment, which may have side-effects. This happens when a cancer is slow-growing and wouldn’t have caused any problems in your lifetime.
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This information was published by Bupa's Health Content Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals and deemed accurate on the date of review. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition.
Any information about a treatment or procedure is generic, and does not necessarily describe that treatment or procedure as delivered by Bupa or its associated providers.
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- Personal communication, Professor Andrew Protheroe, Consultant Oncologist, August 2021