- Upper back pain. Spine Health. www.spine-health.com, updated 11 September 2017
- Thoracic back pain. PatientPlus. patient.info/patientplus, last checked 29 September 2016
- Spine basics. OrthoInfo. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.org, last reviewed December 2013
Produced by Natalie Heaton, Specialist Health Editor, Bupa Health Content Team, July 2018
Expert reviewer, Dr Sundeept Bhalara, Consultant Rheumatologist and Physician
Next review due July 2021
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