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The main cause of osteoporosis is getting older. Your bones are most dense in your 30s. But after about another 20 years, your bones gradually lose their density as a natural part of ageing.
For more information, see our section: Causes of osteoporosis.
Fractures will probably be painful. If you have osteoporosis in your spine, you may notice a sudden pain that may be sharp, ‘nagging’ or dull. And the pain may last, even after your bone has healed.
For more information, see our section: Symptoms of osteoporosis.
The aim of treatment for osteoporosis is to keep your bones as strong as possible and to lower the chance of fractures. There are different medicines that help to do this. Your doctor will discuss with you which treatment is best for you.
For more information, see our section: Treatment of osteoporosis.
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This information was published by Bupa's Health Content Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals and deemed accurate on the date of review. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition.
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- Osteoporosis. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last reviewed 27 March 2021
- NOGG 2017: Clinical guideline for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. National Osteoporosis Guideline Group. www.sheffield.ac.uk, updated July 2019
- Bone biology. International Osteoporosis Foundation. www.osteoporosis.foundation, accessed 27 April 2021
- Osteoporosis – prevention of fragility fractures. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised May 2020
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- UK Chief Medical Officers' physical activity guidelines Department of Health and Social Care. www.gov.uk, published 7 September 2019
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- Osteoporosis. Royal Osteoporosis Society. theros.org.uk, accessed 29 April 2021