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A number of things can cause scoliosis. You may be born with a problem with your spine. Or you may have another health condition that affects the nerves or muscles in your back and causes scoliosis, such as spina bifida. But for most people, the cause isn’t known.
See our section: Cause of scoliosis above for more information.
There isn’t a cure for scoliosis, but there are treatments that can help to slow or stop the curve in the spine progressing, and to relieve or prevent symptoms and complications. But most people with scoliosis don’t ever need treatment because the curve may stop naturally, especially in young children.
See our section: Treatment of scoliosis above for more information.
One shoulder, usually your right one – may look higher than the other, and it may stick out more. Your waist may seem off-centre because your hips are uneven. Some people get lower back pain. And adults with scoliosis may have pain or pins and needles in their legs.
See our section: Symptoms of scoliosis above for more information.
Scoliosis can sometimes cause problems. For example, if the curve of your spine restricts your lungs, it can make it difficult to breathe. And adults with scoliosis can have difficulties walking. But you can usually avoid these problems with early treatment.
See our section: Complications of scoliosis above for more information.
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This information was published by Bupa's Health Content Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals and deemed accurate on the date of review. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition.
Any information about a treatment or procedure is generic, and does not necessarily describe that treatment or procedure as delivered by Bupa or its associated providers.
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