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There isn’t always a clear cause for hiatus hernia. But a number of factors may increase your risk of developing one. These may include obesity, pregnancy and anything else that increases pressure in your abdomen. You’re also more likely to get a hiatus hernia as you get older. See our causes section to find out more.
If you have symptoms such as heartburn caused by a hiatus hernia, you may find that avoiding certain foods helps prevent these. Common trigger foods for hiatus hernia include fatty and spicy foods. For more details, see our self-help section. You can also use our food and symptoms diary to help identify foods that may cause you problems.
A hiatus hernia doesn’t always need to be fixed. You’ll usually only need treatment if it’s causing you symptoms. You can often manage hiatus hernia symptoms with lifestyle changes and medicines. If you don’t have surgery to fix the hiatus hernia, you might need to continue with these measures over the long term. See our treatment section to find out more.
You can take over-the-counter indigestion medicines to manage symptoms such as heartburn. You can buy these from a shop or pharmacy, without a prescription from your doctor. But you should only take these for short periods of time. If you need something more, talk to your pharmacist or GP about other medicines that may help. See our treatment section for more information.
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This information was published by Bupa's Health Content Team and is based on reputable sources of medical evidence. It has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals and deemed accurate on the date of review. Photos are only for illustrative purposes and do not reflect every presentation of a condition.
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