“A sunny day often means picnics, trips to the beach and fun in the garden. Although sunlight is a great source of vitamin D, which is essential for good health, damage to your skin from the sun is a real risk,” explains Stephanie. “We can all enjoy the great outdoors, but it’s important to take some precautions, especially on hot, sunny days when the sun’s harmful rays can cause lasting damage.”
Stephanie highlights those who should take particular care in the sun.
- Children (especially babies) and young people.
- People who tend to burn rather than tan.
- Those with lighter skin, fair or red hair, blue or green eyes, or who have lots of freckles.
- People with lots of moles.
- Those who have a weakened immune system because of a specific disease or a medicine they’re taking.
- People who are taking medicines that make skin more sensitive to sunlight, for example, some acne treatments.
- People who’ve had skin cancer before, or with a family history of it.
“Talk to your children about sun safety and encourage them to take steps to protect their skin from a young age,” suggests Stephanie. “This will help instil good habits for a lifetime. Teach them to apply sunscreen themselves, or perhaps treat them to a new hat that they like – this will mean they’re more likely to wear it.”
Dr Bav Shergill explains why it’s so important to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays: “UV rays can damage the DNA of cells in your skin, causing them to keep growing and not naturally stop. This unstoppable growth is cancer.”
Top sun safety tips from Dr Bav Shergill
- Protect your skin with clothing, such as wearing a loose t-shirt or long, loose trousers. Wear a wide-brimmed hat that protects your face, neck and ears.
- Spend time in the shade between 11am and 3pm on a sunny day. This is when the sun’s rays are strongest.
- When choosing a sunscreen, use one with a high sun protection factor (SPF 30 or more) to protect against UVB radiation, which is linked to skin cancer. Also, look for a four- or five-star UVA rating on the bottle to help protect you from UVA radiation – this is associated with ageing of the skin.
- Apply plenty of sunscreen 20 to 30 minutes before going out in the sun and reapply every two hours, as well as straight after swimming and towel-drying.
- Try to keep babies and young children out of direct sunlight.
Dr Shergill also highlights the growing prevalence of skin cancer in the UK: “Around eight people die from skin cancer every day in the UK, and over 150,000 new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed each year. Unfortunately, rates of malignant melanoma – the least common but more serious form of skin cancer – are rising.”
“We all need to take steps to protect our skin, and our children’s skin, from the sun’s rays,” presses Stephanie. “Help reduce your chances of skin cancer by being safe in the sun, both at home and abroad.”
For more information on skin cancer, visit the British Skin Foundation’s website.
The British Skin Foundation is the only UK charity dedicated to raising funds for skin disease and skin cancer research. Their website contains handy ‘Skinformation’ pages for the public. Plus you can join their online community and ask questions, swap skin tips and share your experiences with others.
If you’re worried about potential damage to your skin through sun exposure, you can visit our health centres for a check up.