Navigation

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)


Expert reviewers, Dr Tim Cripps, Consultant Cardiologist and Lizzie Rogers, Bupa Clinics GP and Lead Physician
Next review due January 2023

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a type of abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmia) in which your heart beats too fast. It’s caused by faulty electrical signals that start in an area of your heart above your ventricles (the lower chambers of your heart).

SVT can affect people of all ages. It’s not uncommon to get it if you’re young and otherwise healthy.

Senior ladies are eating at a restaurant

What happens during supraventricular tachycardia?

Your heartbeat is controlled by electrical signals (impulses) that travel through your heart and make it contract.

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a term for when your heart beats faster than normal because of a problem that happens above your ventricles. Your ventricles are the lower chambers of your heart. There are different types of SVT. It’s often caused by an extra electrical pathway (or pathways) in your heart between your atria (the top chambers of your heart) and your ventricles. This can cause the electrical signals to form a short circuit in your heart, making it beat faster than it should.

Watch our animation to see how your heart beats normally and what happens in SVT.


With SVT, you usually get episodes where your heart suddenly starts beating faster. These can last anything from a few seconds to several hours or, rarely, more than 12 hours before going back to normal. During an episode of SVT, your heart may beat between 140 to 250 beats per minute. Normally, it beats between 60 and 100 times a minute (when you’re resting).

Symptoms of supraventricular tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) doesn't always cause symptoms – it depends on several factors, including how long the episode of SVT lasts, and how fast your heart rate is.

During an episode of SVT, you may:

  • get palpitations (when you can sense your heart thumping, fluttering or skipping beats)
  • have pounding in your neck
  • feel lightheaded and dizzy
  • feel short of breath
  • have chest pain or discomfort
  • pass out (but this isn’t common)

If you get any of these symptoms and they’re relatively mild, go and see your GP. If you need urgent medical care, go to your nearest accident and emergency department. More serious problems are rare with SVT, but may be possible with a particular type of SVT called Wolff–Parkinson–White Syndrome. For more information, see our FAQ: What is Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome?

Diagnosis of supraventricular tachycardia

Your GP will ask about your symptoms and examine you. Your GP will want to know how often you’ve been having symptoms, what they feel like and if anything in particular seems to set them off. They’ll check your blood pressure, listen to your heartbeat and take your pulse. Your GP will also ask about your medical history.

You’ll need to have a test called an electrocardiogram (ECG). An ECG records the electrical activity in your heart. You may need to have an ambulatory ECG, which records your heartbeat while you go about your usual activities over 24 hours or more. Or you might need to have an implantable loop recorder. This is a small device which is implanted under your skin and is programmed to record abnormal rhythms. Your GP will refer you to a cardiologist (a heart specialist) if you need to have this.

Your GP or cardiologist may also arrange for you to have some of the following tests.

  • Blood tests. These will check for substances that may be causing SVT, and for other conditions that may be causing your symptoms.
  • Exercise ECG (cardiac stress test). This is when you have an ECG while you exercise on a treadmill to see if this triggers an arrhythmia.
  • Chest X-ray. This will allow your doctor to look for any changes in your heart or lungs that might be causing the problem.
  • Echocardiogram. This test uses ultrasound to provide a clear image of your heart muscles and valves and can show how well your heart is working.

It can be useful if you’re able to measure your own pulse because it can help your doctor to see what happens when you have an attack. Devices such as smart watches and phones may also be able to help you monitor your symptoms. Talk to your doctor about how you may be able to use these.

 Worried about your heart health?

Get a picture of your current health and potential future health risks with one of our health assessments. Find out more today. Find out more about health assessments >

 Worried about your heart health?

Treatment of supraventricular tachycardia

Treatment for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is aimed at stopping attacks and controlling your heart rhythm and rate to prevent further attacks. What treatment you’re offered will depend on the type of SVT you have, how often you get symptoms, how severe they are and how long they last. Your doctor will discuss your treatment options with you.

Stopping an attack

If you see a doctor while you’re having symptoms of SVT, they may need to give you treatment to stop the attack. This may include one of the following options.

  • Your doctor may apply pressure to an artery in your neck. For some types of SVT, this can help stop your heart beating so rapidly.
  • Valsalva manoeuvre. This involves lying down and blowing forcefully into a syringe, increasing the pressure in your chest.
  • Having antiarrhythmic medicines, such as adenosine or verapamil, through a drip into your bloodstream.
  • Electrical cardioversion. This uses an electric shock to restore your rapid heartbeat to normal.

Long-term management

Whether or not you need any long-term treatment depends on a number of factors. These include the type of SVT you have, how often you get symptoms, how long they last and how they affect you.

Self-help

Your doctor may talk to you about certain things that can set off your SVT, and how you might be able to avoid them. These may include caffeine, alcohol, smoking and taking illegal drugs. If you can cut down or stop taking these, your SVT might reduce or stop. Certain medicines or other health conditions may also be linked to your SVT, and your doctor can help you to manage these. Your doctor may teach you how to do the Valsava manoeuvre yourself (where you blow out forcefully to stop an attack of SVT).

Catheter ablation

You might be offered a procedure called catheter ablation, particularly if you keep having regular attacks of SVT. This procedure involves inserting a small tube called an electrode catheter into a vein in your groin and using X-rays to pass it up to your heart. Radiofrequency waves are then delivered via the catheter to destroy any tissue that's causing the abnormal electrical signals in your heart.

Medicines

You might be prescribed medicines to prevent further SVT episodes. These may include:


Always read the patient information leaflet that comes with your medicine and ask your pharmacist or doctor if you have any questions.

Causes of supraventricular tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is usually due to extra pathways between the upper and lower chambers of your heart (the atria and ventricles). But most people with SVT are otherwise healthy, and don’t have any underlying problem with their heart or other health condition that causes SVT. Occasionally, other problems affecting your heart, such as a previous heart attack or surgery on your heart can lead to SVT.

If you get SVT, you may find that various things that can trigger it, such as:

  • certain types of medicine
  • drinking a lot of alcohol
  • caffeine
  • smoking
  • taking illegal drugs such as cocaine or speed

Frequently asked questions

  • Catheter ablation is a procedure often used to treat supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and other heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias). It involves inserting a small tube (catheter) into a vein in your groin and passing it up to your heart. Radiofrequency waves are then passed through the catheter to destroy abnormal areas of tissue. A catheter ablation can usually be done under local anaesthesia or sedation, which will help you to stay relaxed during the procedure. You should be able to go home on the same day as the procedure, although some people may need to stay overnight.

    You should be able to get back to most of your normal activities quickly after a catheter ablation. Take it easy for a few days though – you might want to take a couple of days off work, especially if you have a physically demanding job. Don’t lift anything heavy for at least two weeks. You won’t be able to drive for two days after your procedure (or at least two weeks if you drive a bus or lorry).

  • Sinus tachycardia means your heart beats in a normal, regular rhythm, but faster than usual. It's different from supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) because it’s a normal response to changes in your body. It isn’t usually caused by a problem with the electrical signals in your heart.

    Things that can increase your heart rate and cause sinus tachycardia include:

    • strenuous exercise
    • feeling stressed or anxious
    • being in pain or being ill
    • pregnancy
    • some medicines
    • some illegal drugs (for example, cocaine and speed)
    • caffeine and alcohol

    Some medical conditions, such as an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or anaemia, can increase your heart rate. If a cause can be found, such as a medication you’re taking or an underlying health condition, your GP will focus on managing that. If there’s no apparent reason for your increased heart rate, your doctor may give you medication to control it.

    If you’re concerned about your heart rate or have other symptoms such as dizziness, see your GP. If you have chest pain, you should go to your nearest accident and emergency department or call for emergency help if you need to.

  • Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome is a specific type of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), caused by an extra pathway between your atria and your ventricles (the upper and lower chambers of your heart). The extra pathway can lead to atrial fibrillation (when your atria start beating out of control) as well as SVT. Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome is usually something you’re born with – although you might not notice any problems until you’re much older.

    Normally, electrical impulses only travel in one direction, from your atria to your ventricles. In Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome, the extra pathway allows electrical impulses to pass through more quickly than normal, and they can travel in the opposite direction. The concern with Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome is that if you develop atrial fibrillation, it can quickly pass to your ventricles. Although rare, this can be life threatening.

    Treatments for Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome include catheter ablation and antiarrhythmic medicines to help get your heart rhythm back to normal.

  • Yes, you should be able to drive and travel by aeroplane if you have supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). But you might be more restricted if you have frequent symptoms.

    Your SVT may affect your ability to control a vehicle – for instance, if it makes you feel dizzy or you pass out. In this case, you need to stop driving and let the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) know. You’ll only be allowed to drive again if your doctor finds a cause for your SVT and your condition has been controlled for at least four weeks. This is three months if you drive a bus or lorry. If you don't have any symptoms with your SVT, you can carry on driving and don't need to notify the DVLA.

    Most people with an arrhythmia such as SVT are able to travel by aeroplane safely, providing you only have occasional symptoms that are generally well controlled. Flying isn't thought to increase your risk of having an episode. If you have an arrhythmia that isn’t under control, you shouldn’t fly until it is. If you need to take medicines on your flight, put them in your hand luggage and ask your doctor to write a letter to declare what they are for. It’s best to contact your airline before you travel to let them know you plan to travel with medicines.

    If you're unsure whether or not it's safe for you to travel, ask your GP or heart specialist for advice.



Did our information help you?

We’d love to hear what you think. Our short survey takes just a few minutes to complete and helps us to keep improving our health information.


About our health information

At Bupa we produce a wealth of free health information for you and your family. This is because we believe that trustworthy information is essential in helping you make better decisions about your health and wellbeing.

Our information has been awarded the PIF TICK for trustworthy health information. It also complies with the HONcode standard and follows the principles of the The Information Standard.

The Patient Information Forum tick  This website is certified by Health On the Net Foundation. Click to verify.

Learn more about our editorial team and principles >

Related information

Tools and calculators

    • Supraventricular tachycardia in adults. Patient. patient.info, last reviewed 2 December 2016
    • Whinnett ZI, Sohaib SM, Davies DW. Diagnosis and management of supraventricular tachycardia. BMJ 2012; 345: e7769. doi:10.1136/bmj.e7769
    • Brugada J, Katritsis DG, Arbelo E, et al. 2019 ESC Guidelines for the management of patients with supraventricular tachycardia. The Task Force for the management of patients with supraventricular tachycardia of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC): developed in collaboration with the Association for European Paediatric and Congenital Cardiology (AEPC). Eur Heart J 2019 pii: ehz467. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehz467
    • Arrhythmias. Oxford handbook of cardiology. Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published online May 2012
    • Overview of arrhythmias. The MSD manuals. www.msdmanuals.com, last full review/revision July 2019
    • Reentrant supraventricular tachycardias (SVT) including Wolff–Parkinson–White Syndrome. The MSD Manuals. www.msdmanuals.com, last full review/revision July 2019
    • Assessment of palpitations. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last reviewed September 2019
    • Palpitations. Patient. patient.info, last reviewed 24 November 2015
    • Palpitations. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised May 2015
    • Dealing with abnormal heart rhythms. British Heart Foundation, 2017. www.bhf.org.uk
    • Catheter ablation. British Heart Foundation. www.bhf.org.uk, accessed 12 December 2019
    • Assessing fitness to drive: a guide for medical professionals. DVLA. www.gov.uk, last updated 26 September 2019
    • Wolff–Parkinson–White syndrome. Patient. patient.info, last reviewed 16 February 2015
    • Smith D, Toff W, Joy M, et al. Fitness to fly for passengers with cardiovascular disease. Heart 2011; 96: ii1–16. doi:10.1136/hrt.2010.203091
    • Cardiovascular disease. Information for health professionals on assessing fitness to fly. Civil Aviation Authority. www.caa.co.uk, accessed 12 December 2019
    • Holidays and travel. British Heart Foundation. www.bhf.org.uk, accessed 12 December 2019
  • Reviewed by Pippa Coulter, Freelance Health Editor, January 2020
    Expert reviewers, Dr Tim Cripps, Consultant Cardiologist and Lizzie Rogers, Bupa Clinics GP and Lead Physician
    Next review due January 2023

ajax-loader