Man holding his knee as he climbs stairs

Knee ligament injuries

Knee ligament injuries

Types of knee injuries

Symptoms of knee injuries

Diagnosis of knee injuries

Treatment of knee injuries

Causes of knee injuries

Prevention of knee injuries

Exercises for knee pain

FAQs

More information from Bupa Knee Clinic

    • Assessment of knee injury. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, published 25 July 2014
    • Meniscal tear. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated 8 April 2015
    • Medial collateral ligament injury. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated 13 April 2015
    • Anterior cruciate ligament injury. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated 28 August 2015
    • Osteoarthritis. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated 15 February 2016
    • Medial collateral and lateral collateral ligament injury. Medscape. www.emedicine.medscape.com, published 20 July 2015
    • Soft tissue knee injury. Medscape. www.emedicine.medscape.com, published 28 April 2014
    • Osteoarthritis. Medscape. www.emedicine.medscape.com, published 27 March 2015
    • Knee ligament injuries. PatientPlus. www.patient.info/patientplus, published 18 February 2014
    • Knee cartilage injuries (including meniscal tears). PatientPlus. www.patient.info/patientplus, published 26 February 2014
    • Prepatellar bursitis. PatientPlus. www.patient.info/patientplus, published 9 September 2013
    • Knee sprains and meniscal injuries. The MSD Manuals. www.msdmanuals.com, published December 2014
    • Knee pain. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, published March 2011
    • Sprains and strains. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, published April 2015
    • Pre-patellar bursitis. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, published November 2010
    • Bruising. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, published March 2010
    • Joint Formulary Committee. British National Formulary (online) London: BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press. www.medicinescomplete.com, accessed 21 July 2015
    • Map of Medicine. Knee injuries. International View. London: Map of Medicine; 2012 (Issue 4)
    • Map of Medicine. Knee pain. International View. London: Map of Medicine; 2014 (Issue 3)
    • Yeung SS, Yeung EW, Gillespie LD. Interventions for preventing lower limb soft-tissue running injuries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 7. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001256.pub2
    • Common knee injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.aaos.org, published March 2014
    • Meniscal tear. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.aaos.org, published March 2014
    • Quadriceps tendon tear. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.aaos.org, published August 2009
    • Patellar tendon tear. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.aaos.org, published August 2009
    • Arthritis of the knee. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.aaos.org, published June 2014
    • Prepatellar (kneecap) bursitis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. www.orthoinfo.aaos.org, published March 2014
    • Basic injury prevention concepts. American College of Sports Medicine. www.acsm.org, published January 2012
    • Basic knee injury prevention. American College of Sports Medicine. www.acsm.org, published January 2012
    • How can I avoid a sports injury? Sports Medicine Information. www.nsmi.org.uk, accessed 22 July 2015
    • Brito N, Knipschild P, Doreste–Alonson J. Systematic review on the efficacy of topical Arnica montana for the treatment of pain, swelling and bruises. J Musculoskelet Pain 2014; 22(2):216–23. doi:10.3109/10582452.2014.883012
    • Efficacy of homeopathic arnica. Bandolier. www.medicine.ox.ac.uk/bandolier, published April 2000
    • Exercise for osteoarthritis. Arthritis Research UK. www.arthritisresearchuk.org, accessed 21 July 2015
    • Exercising with osteoarthritis. Arthritis Foundation. www.arthritistoday.org, accessed 21 July 2015
    • Indelicato P. Isolated medial collateral ligament injuries in the knee. J Am Acad Orthop Surg 1995; 3(1):9–14
    • Brukner P, Khan K. Brukner & Khan’s Clinical Sports Medicine. 4th ed. Australia: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2012
    • Personal communication, Leon Creaney, Consultant Physician – sport and exercise medicine, 24 March 2016
  • Reviewed by Dylan Merkett, Health Information Team, March 2016
    Expert reviewer, Dr Leon Creaney, Consultant Sport and Exercise Medicine Physician
    Next review due March 2019

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