Man holding his knee as he climbs stairs

Knee injuries

Knee injuries

Types of knee injuries

Symptoms of knee injuries

Diagnosis of knee injuries

Treatment of knee injuries

Causes of knee injuries

Prevention of knee injuries

FAQs

More information from Bupa Knee Clinic

    • Knee ligament injuries. Patient Plus. www.patient.info, last checked February 2017
    • Assessment of knee injury. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated November 2017
    • Soft tissue knee injury. Medscape. emedicine.medscape.com, updated February 2016
    • Knee sprains and meniscal injuries. The MSD Manuals. www.msdmanuals.com, last full review/revision August 2017
    • Meniscal tear. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated November 2017
    • Meniscal tears and other cartilage knee injuries. PatientPlus. www.patient.info, last checked February 2017
    • Tendon rupture. PatientPlus. www.patient.info, last checked May 2015
    • Knee pain – assessment. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised August 2017
    • Anterior knee pain. PatientPlus. www.patient.info, last checked June 2015
    • Knee assessment. PatientPlus. www.patient.info, last checked February 2016
    • Joint injection and aspiration. PatientPlus. www.patient.info, last checked February 2016
    • Orthopaedics. Oxford Handbook of Operative Surgery (online). Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published online May 2017
    • Sprains and strains. Clinical Knowledge summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised March 2016
    • Medial collateral ligament injury. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated November 2017
    • Osteoarthritis. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised April 2015
    • Musculoskeletal problems. Oxford Handbook of General Practice (online). Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published online April 2014
    • Anterior cruciate ligament injury. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated November 2017
    • Kriplani P, Guarve K, Baghael US. Arnica montana L – a plant of healing: review. J Pharm Pharmacol 2017; 69:925–45. doi: 10.1111/jphp.12724
    • Cameron M, Chrubasik S. Topical herbal therapies for treating osteoarthritis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 5. Art. No.: CD010538. www.cochrane.org
    • Osteoarthritis. Medscape. emedicine.medscape.com, updated June 2018
    • Osteoarthritis. BMJ Best Practice. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated November 2017
    • Exercise and arthritis. Arthritis Care. www.arthritiscare.org.uk, accessed June 2018
    • Prepatellar bursitis. PatientPlus. www.patient.info, last checked August 2016
    • Pre-patellar bursitis. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised December 2016
    • Personal communication, Dr Roger Tillman, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, October 2018
  • Reviewed by Graham Pembrey, Lead Editor, Bupa Health Content Team, November 2018
    Expert reviewer Dr Roger Tillman, Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon
    Next review due October 2021

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