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Anxiety disorders

What is an anxiety disorder?

Are there different types of anxiety disorder?

How does it feel to have an anxiety disorder?

What causes anxiety disorders?

What treatments are available for anxiety disorders?

    • Anxiety, Panic and Phobias. Royal College of Psychiatrists. www.rcpsych.ac.uk, last updated September 2015
    • Understanding the stress response. Harvard Medical School. www.health.harvard.edu, last updated March 2016
    • Mental health. Oxford Handbook of General Practice (online). Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published April 2014
    • Let's get physical: the impact of physical activity on wellbeing. Mental Health Foundation, 2013. www.mentalhealth.org.uk
    • Winston AP, Hardwick E, Jaberi N. Neuropsychiatric effects of caffeine. Adv Psychiatr Treat 2005; 11(6):432–39. doi:10.1192/apt.11.6.432
    • Food and mood. Mind. www.mind.org.uk, last updated April 2015
    • Manzoni GM, Pagnini F, Castelnuovo G, et al. Relaxation training for anxiety: a ten-years systematic review with meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry 2008; 8(41). doi:10.1186/1471-244X-8–41
    • Strategies to manage patients with dental anxiety and dental phobia: literature review. Clin Cosmet Investig Dent 2016; 8:35–50. doi:10.2147/CCIDE.S63626
    • BMJ Best Practice. Generalised anxiety disorder. bestpractice.bmj.com, last updated March 2017
    • Anxiety and stress-related disorders. Oxford Handbook of Psychiatry (online). Oxford Medicine Online. oxfordmedicine.com, published March 2013
    • Obsessive-compulsive disorder. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summary. cks.nice.org, last revised July 2013
    • Post-traumatic stress disorder. NICE Clinical Knowledge Summary. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised June 2013
  • Produced by Clare Foster, freelance health editor, and Nick Ridgman, Head of Health Content, Bupa UK, September 2017
    Next review due September 2020

    Bupa UK expert reviewers:

    • Naomi Humber, Psychology Services Manager, EAP
    • Stuart Haydock, Resilience Lead, Health Clinics
    • Sarah Deedat, Head of Behaviour Change
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