There are several organisations that can offer you help and support.
- Heart UK has a cholesterol helpline. This is a service where you can talk to a health professional about any questions you have. You can ask for yourself or on behalf of a loved one: heartuk.org.uk/cholesterol-helpline
- The British Heart Foundation has a community on their website. Here you can read about other people’s experiences, join an online discussion forum and find out more information about heart disease: www.bhf.org.uk/community
- Cardiovascular disease: risk assessment and reduction, including lipid modification. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), last updated July 2016, published July 2014. www.nice.org.uk
- Lipid regulating drugs (including statins). PatientPlus. patient.info/patientplus, last checked 31 July 2014
- Familial hypercholesterolaemia: identification and management. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), last updated July 2016, published August 2008. www.nice.org.uk
- The statin conundrum. Heart UK. heartuk.org.uk, accessed 02 August 2016
- Joint British Societies’ consensus recommendations for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (JBS3). Heart 2014; 100: ii1–ii67. doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2014-305693
- Joint Formulary Committee. British National Formulary (online) London: BMJ Group and Pharmaceutical Press. www.medicinescomplete.com, accessed 02 August 2016
- Cholesterol. The Association of UK Dietitians. www.bda.uk.com, reviewed October 2014
- What is atherosclerosis? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. www.nhlbi.nih.gov, updated 22 June 2016
- Blaha MJ, Martin SS. How do statins work? Changing paradigms with implications for statins allocation. J Am Coll Cardiol 2013; 62(25):2392–94. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2013.08.1626
- Lipid modification – CVD prevention. cks.nice.org.uk, last revised October 2015
- Manktelow BN, Potter JF. Interventions in the management of serum lipids for preventing stroke recurrence. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 3. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002091.pub2
- Cholesterol Treatment Trialists' (CTT) Collaborators. The effects of lowering LDL cholesterol with statin therapy in people at low risk of vascular disease: a meta-analysis of individual data from 27 randomised trials. Lancet 2012; 380(9841):581–90. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60367-5
- Taylor F, Huffman MD, Macedo AF, et al. Statins for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 1. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004816.pub5
- Patient decision aid. Taking a statin to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and stroke. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), November 2014. www.nice.org.uk
- Statins. British Heart Foundation. www.bhf.org.uk, accessed 2 August 2016
- Lipid-modifying drugs. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), February 2016. www.nice.org.uk
- Atorvastatin. Medicines.org. www.medicines.org.uk, accessed 25 July 2016
- Fit for frailty. British Geriatrics Society. www.bgs.org.uk, published 2014
- Odden MC, Pletcher MJ, Coxson PG, et al. Cost effectiveness and population impact of statins for primary prevention in adults aged 75 or older in the United States. Ann Intern Med 2015; 162(8):533–41. doi:10.7326/M14-1430
- Perceptions of statins. Research with patients, GPs and cardiologists. British Heart Foundation. www.bhf.org.uk, published July 2016
- Statin side-effects. Heart UK. heartuk.org.uk, accessed 25 July 2016
- Statins benefits and risks. Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency. www.gov.uk, published 30 May 2014
- Finegold JA, Manisty CH, Goldacre B, et al. What proportion of symptomatic side effects in patients taking statins are genuinely caused by the drug? Systematic review of randomized placebo-controlled trials to aid individual patient choice. Eur J Prev Cardiol 2014; 21(4):464-74. doi:10.1177/2047487314525531
- Petersen LK, Christensen K, Kragstrup J. Lipid-lowering treatment to the end? A review of observational studies and RCTs on cholesterol and mortality in 80+-year olds. Age Ageing 2010; 39(6):674–80. doi:10.1093/ageing/afq129.
Reviewed by Natalie Heaton, Specialist Editor, Bupa Health Content Team, August 2016
Expert reviewer, Dr Tim Cripps, DM FRCP, Consultant Cardiologist
Next review due August 2019.
Has our health information helped you?
We’d love to know what you think about what you’ve just been reading and looking at – we’ll use it to improve our information. If you’d like to give us some feedback, our short survey will take just a few minutes to complete. And if there's a question you want to ask that hasn't been answered here, please submit it to us. Although we can't respond to specific questions directly, we’ll aim to include the answer to it when we next review this topic.